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The Complete Guide to FOREX Trading

FOREX trading has been gaining popularity in recent years. Indeed, according to several online sources, the number of FOREX traders has snowballed to 10 million over the past half a decade. Chances are your friends have boasted how much money they are making through FOREX trading, or maybe you have recently stumbled upon FOREX trading and have become hooked. 
So, let us talk about what FOREX trading is and what makes it so popular. 

General Introduction: What Is FOREX? What Is FOREX Trading?

The FOREX market is the marketplace in which participants can buy, sell, exchange and speculate on currencies, with the aim of earning a profit. The currency market – which comprises banks, commercial companies, central banks, investment management firms, and hedge funds in addition to retail FOREX brokers and investors – is considered to be the largest financial market with over $6 trillion in daily transactions. 
When it comes to FOREX trading, there are several questions any ambitious person wanting to enter the market for the first time needs answered. As such, this article is mostly a guide for traders at the beginning of their journey. It aims to provide answers in a simple and clear way, helping paint a complete picture of what FOREX trading is and how to master it.

1. What Does the Term FOREX Stand for?

Foreign Exchange (FOREX in short) is the trading of one currency for another. For example, one can swap the US dollar for the Japanese Yen. Foreign exchange transactions can take place on the foreign exchange market, also known as the FOREX Market.
The Complete Guide to FOREX

2. An Introduction to the FOREX Market

As above mentioned, the FOREX market, where currencies are traded, is the largest financial market in the world, at $6 trillion daily. It operates 24 hours a day and five days a week (Monday through Friday), except international holidays. The FOREX market is unique in that it allows individuals to trade online, be it as a side job to make extra money, or as full-time work. This can be done either on a personal computer (PC) or on a smartphone. The market has several key actors, chief among them are:
In contrast to shares or commodities, FOREX trading does not take place on actual exchanges, but directly between two parties, in an over the counter (OTC) market.
According to the literature on the subject, one must distinguish between three different types of a FOREX market: The spot FOREX market, which takes place on the spot or within a short period of time. This is a market in which the physical exchange of a currency pair takes place at the exact point the trade is settled. The forward FOREX market is one marketplace where a contract is agreed to buy or sell a set amount of a currency at a specified price, to be settled at a set date in the future or within a range of future dates. Finally, there is the future FOREX market, whereby a contract is agreed to buy or sell a set amount of a given currency at a set price and date in the future. Unlike forwards, a futures contract is legally binding.
It is noteworthy that when people refer to the FOREX market, they are usually referring to the spot market. The forward and futures markets tend to be more popular with companies that need to hedge their foreign exchange risks out to a specific date in the future.

3. How Does Currency Trading Take Place?

FOREX trading is the real-time buying of one currency and selling another. Currencies are traded through a broker or a dealer and are traded in pairs. Currencies are quoted in relation to another currency. In this regard, the most common currency pairs in the FOREX market are the:

4. How To Read A Currency Pair On The Trading Platform?

If, for example, you are looking at a EUR/USD pair, then the currency on the left is the “Base Currency” while the one on the right is the “Quote Currency.” Each currency pair has a price associated with it, and that price is how much of the second currency it takes to buy one unit of the first (Base Currency). For example, if the EUR/USD is at 1.2, that means it costs $1.2 to buy €1.

5. What Drives Movements in the FOREX Market?

Like most financial markets, the FOREX market is primarily driven by the forces of supply and demand, as well as by other factors, as will be discussed in brief below. 
As for supply factors, key players are the central banks of respective countries and the monetary policy measures they take. For example, if America’s Federal Reserve announces quantitative easing, defined as the act of injecting more dollars into an economy, then the USD’s price will, in all likelihood, drop. 
Other factors with the potential of affecting the price of a currency include news reports, with positive news about a certain country carrying the potential of increasing demand for that country’s currency, thus causing it to appreciate. By the same token, a piece of negative news can cause investment in, and demand for, a certain currency to decrease and, therefore, lower its price. 
Market sentiment is another driver of currency prices. For example, if traders have reason to believe that a currency is headed downward, then they will trade accordingly and may convince others to follow suit, thus decreasing demand for it and subsequently its price. Equally important is economic data, which is a proxy for the health of an economy. By extension, this could provide insight into what that country’s central bank might do next, with obvious ramifications on the exchange rate. Finally, a country’s credit rating, often looked at as an independent assessment of a country’s likelihood of repaying its debts, is also imperative. A country with an upgraded credit rating can see its currency increase in price, while one dealing with a credit rating downgrade might experience a decrease in the price of its currency.

6. How to Make FOREX Trading Profitable? And Is the Market Actually Profitable?

The below two examples illustrate the point:
It is thus clear that FOREX trading is akin to any trading activity, where both profits and losses can be readily expected. However, it is unique in the sense that it allows room for profit in price drops and price rises, depending on the deal the trader strikes
As for the question whether the FOREX market is profitable, this depends to a great extent on traders and the risks they are willing to take. The latter is highly correlated with the profits/losses to be made.

7. Currency as an Asset Class

When it comes to currencies, there are two distinct features to them being treated as an asset class:
To simplify matters, an investor can profit from the interest rate differential in two economies by buying the currency with the higher interest rate and shorting the currency with the lower interest rate.

8. Trading Tools for Beginners

All you need to start trading in the FOREX market is a personal computer (PC) or a smartphone with access to the Internet. You can begin trading with a demo account or a real account with as low as $500. A demo trading account is one that is suitable for beginners – a free, practical way to discover the features of your trading platform and test your strategies before you commit any of your own money. 

9. What Are Online FOREX Trading Companies?

Online trading companies are brokers between the trader and the market. Among other things, they enable you to perform the following functions:

10. What Are Islamic FOREX Accounts?

These are accounts that allow users to trade currencies through Islamic accounts that comply with Shariah and are free of any ribs-based benefits.

11. How Do You Gain Experience in FOREX Trading Quickly?

There are three ways to gain experience in FOREX trading:
We at Arincen have developed a social networking platform for FOREX trading, bringing together traders and experts to exchange trading recommendations. As a trader, you must do what each of the three points above suggests. That is to say, start by opening an account. Read up about FOREX trading. Seek the advice of experts. This is the safest way to start trading in the FOREX market and make profits.

12. Additional Information that Would Help You in FOREX Trading

What is Leverage?

Leverage is a credit facility provided by FOREX brokers to traders, enabling them to borrow a certain amount of the money needed to invest in a currency trade. This, in turn, increases the purchasing power of the trader, but also the risks.
Brokerage firms typically offer a maximum leverage ratio of 1:100, which effectively means that if you have $1,000 in the account, you would be able to make transactions for purchase/sale of foreign currency or other financial instruments worth 100 times more than your own funds, that is, $100,000.

What Is a Lot in FOREX?

FOREX currencies are commonly traded in specific amounts called “lots,” or basically the number of currency units you will buy or sell.
While the standard size for a lot is 100,000 units of currency, with time, brokerage firms have also introduced mini, micro and nano lot sizes that are 10,000, 1,000, and 100 units, respectively.

What Is a Pip In FOREX?

Pip, short for “percentage in point” or “price interest point,” represents a tiny measure of the change in a currency pair in the FOREX market. It can be measured in terms of the quote or in terms of the underlying currency and so enables traders and brokerage firms to measure profits and losses.

What Is a Spread Or a Spread Differential?

In FOREX trading, the spread is the difference between the bid (sell) price and the ask (buy) price of a currency pair. Looked at differently, it is from where brokers make their money. 
Having better understood how the market operates, as well as established what FOREX is, traders ought to look for a real partner to accompany them in their FOREX trading journey.

13. Why Is It Advisable To Trade FOREX With Arincen?

Put simply, Arincen is a social networking platform that brings together traders and experts from across the Arab world to exchange expertise and ideas. Together, we evaluate the best FOREX companies in the world while offering a comprehensive suite of services and tools, all in one place, either via a PC or a mobile app. The platform is so rich that you can create your own private portfolio of traders and experts you like, and you can follow their recommendations and investment sentiments.           
Further, thanks to Arincen, users can keep an eye on market-price developments, as well as the latest news. Users can also benefit from the network’s educational courses, to say nothing of the exciting Webinars – all done in a modern and fast-paced work environment. 
When you open a FOREX trading account with an international brokerage firm via Arincen, you will be able to profit from the help of a personal FOREX trainer, who will accompany you step by step until you master the intricacies of FOREX trading.  
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Conclusion

In conclusion, this article has shown how the FOREX market is a global marketplace for exchanging national currencies against one another. Because of the worldwide reach of trade, commerce and finance, FOREX markets tend to be the largest and most liquid asset markets in the world. FOREX markets exist as spot (cash) markets, as well as derivatives markets, offering forwards, futures, options and currency swaps. Market participants use FOREX to hedge against international currency and interest rate risk, to speculate on geopolitical events, and to diversify portfolios, among several other reasons.

FAQ

What does the term FOREX stand for?

Foreign Exchange (FOREX in short) is the trading of one currency for another, the marketplace for which is the largest in the world at over $6 trillion daily.

Who are the key market participants in FOREX?

Central Banks. Commercial Banks. Financial Institutions. Governments. Individual Investors and/or Currency Speculators.

How does FOREX trading take place?

FOREX trading is the real-time buying of one currency and selling another. Currencies are traded through a broker or a dealer and are traded in pairs.

What drives movements In the FOREX market?

Like most financial markets, the FOREX market is primarily driven by the forces of supply and demand, as well as by other factors, such as economic and political news and events.

What is Leverage?

Leverage is a credit facility provided by FOREX brokers to traders, enabling them to borrow a certain amount of the money needed to invest in a currency trade. This, in turn, increases the purchasing power of the trader, but also the risks.
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